Awarded Grants

Since 2005, INQRI has funded 40 interdisciplinary research teams to examine nurses’ practices, processes and work environments and determine the impact nurses have on the quality of patient care. These studies comprise the first effort of this size and scope to identify both the ways in which nurses can improve the quality of patient care and the contributions nurses can make every day that keep patients safer and healthier. INQRI has built a base of knowledge that demonstrates nursing’s unique contributions to patients, families and communities across a diverse range of settings and has created a community of scholars committed to advancing interdisciplinary research to continue to build that knowledge.

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  • Grant Year: 2009 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Yale University
    This team conducted a randomized clinical trial to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in at-risk adults with a diabetes prevention program provided by visiting nurses in subsidized housing units. They modified a...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Marquette University
    Improving how patients are discharged from the hospital to reduce unnecessary readmissions is a critical issue now being debated at the national level. With one in five elderly readmitted to the hospital within 30 days...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1), | Recommendation Type: Academic progression (R4) | Institution: University of Pennsylvania
    An INQRI-funded effort spearheaded by a team at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, led by Eileen Lake and Jeannette Rogowski, has demonstrated the importance of...
  • Grant Year: 2010 | Recommendation Type: Lifelong learning (R6) | Institution: Rutgers University
    Evidence indicates leadership skills of frontline nurse managers are key to creating magnetic work environments that promote positive outcomes. Yet, weaknesses in nurse managers' skills often result in environments that...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Baruch College - CUNY
    The INQRI-supported work of Shoshanna Sofaer, Jean Johnson and colleagues at Baruch College and The George Washington University has helped shed light on whether some of the National Quality Forum's (NQF) nursing...
  • Grant Year: 2010 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Utah
    This project will disseminate and implement evidence-based approaches to measure and improve pain care and outcomes in a sample of 100 hospitals across the United States. The program is unique in forging a partnership...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Washington State University
    This team used information technology to help home care nurses more efficiently and effectively identify and resolve medication discrepancies as patients transitioned from the hospital to home. These discrepancies occur...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Nurse residency programs (R3) | Institution: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends that state boards of nursing, accrediting bodies, the federal government, and health care...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1) | Institution: University of California San Francisco
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends removing scope of practice barriers so that advanced practice registered nurses are be able to...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Nurse leadership (R7) | Institution: Rutgers University
    A multi-disciplinary team at Rutgers University, led by Linda Flynn and Dong Suh, has identified changes in nursing care processes needed to prevent medication errors as well as adjustments in nurse staffing and the...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1) | Institution: University of Pennsylvania
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends removing scope of practice barriers so that advanced practice registered nurses are be able to...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of California - San Francisco
    This team examined individual and collective effects of unit level nurse workload, staff nurse characteristics and selected risk assessment and preventive intervention processes of care on variance in nursing sensitive...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Academic progression (R4) | Institution: University of Iowa
    Patient falls represent the largest category of hospital incident reports (70%-80%) and are among the most common adverse events. This interdisciplinary team examined linkages among selected National Quality Forum nurse...
  • Grant Year: 2010 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Nebraska
    Fully two-thirds of intensive care unit patients develop delirium, which is associated with longer stays, billions of dollars in costs globally, and three-fold excess mortality at six months. Over one-half of intensive...
  • Grant Year: 2010 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Michigan
    Accidental falls are the most common reported patient safety incident in hospitals with rates from 2.9 to 13 per 1000 patient days. Up to 30 percent of falls result in injury including death. Interventions targeted to...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Mayo Clinic
    Led by scholars in nursing and health services research and informatics, the goal of this interdisciplinary team was to refine one of the most controversial measures of nursing-sensitive quality of care: failure to...
  • Grant Year: 2009 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Cincinnati
    This nurse-led interdisciplinary research team developed a sustainable, system-wide program for pressure ulcer prevention that enhances mobility of long-term care (LTC) residents. The primary goal, under nursing's...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Institution: Massachusetts Hospital Research and Education Association
    In 2004, the National Quality Forum (NQF) endorsed a set of nursing sensitive measures, with the goal to provide hospitals, the public and purchasers with comparative measures that accurately reflect nursing performance...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Johns Hopkins University
    The goal of this study was to implement a comprehensive safety program including an evidence based intervention to reduce central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs) while examining the context of nursing...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Medical University of South Carolina
    This interdisciplinary team examined how adoption of the National Quality Forum safe practices affects nursing sensitive patient safety outcomes. Barriers to adoption of these practices were also explored. This team...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Utah
    The purpose of this study was to develop and test a questionnaire that can be used to measure opinions of patients about how their nurses manage their pain. Many patients in the hospital report significant pain which...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Minnesota
    This research team tested a theory of the effect of nurse-physician co-leadership, the effective modeling by nurses and physicians of individual role behaviors and a strong shared inter-professional relationship, in...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2), | Recommendation Type: Health care workforce data (R8) | Institution: University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends that the National Health Care Workforce Commission, with oversight from the Government...
  • Grant Year: 2010 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Maryland - Baltimore
    An alarming one in four hospital admissions are related to substance abuse. Because of the prevalence, health risks to society and strong evidence of effectiveness and efficacy, this study will test implementation of a...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Emory University
    An interdisciplinary team of nurse scientists and system engineers developed a new tool to capture what nurses do when they coordinate care for hospitalized patients. The tool, the first of its kind, will enable nurses...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Health care workforce data (R8) | Institution: University of California
    Led by Arlyss Anderson Rothman and R. Adams Dudley, a team at the University of California, San Francisco examined whether increases in nurse staffing and skill mix improve hospital performance on a subset of Joint...
  • Grant Year: 2009 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of California - Davis
    This interdisciplinary team, with scholars from nursing, psychology, surgery, statistics, and other fields, evaluated a counseling intervention to promote successful pain self-management in patients after spine surgery...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Institution: University of Minnesota
    The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to implement a nationwide value-based purchasing program for all PPS hospitals beginning in fiscal year 2009. This interdisciplinary...
  • Grant Year: 2009 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Oregon Health & Science University
    Very little is known about the relationships between quality palliative nursing care delivered in intensive care units (ICUs) and patient and family outcomes and on how to measure and to improve these outcomes. The...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Johns Hopkins Hospital
    About 400,000 patients are affected by adverse drug events (ADEs) each year at a national cost of approximately $3.5 billion. Johns Hopkins Hospital researchers, led by Linda Costa and Bob Feroli, have evaluated the...
  • Grant Year: 2012 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1) | Institution: RAND Corporation
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends removing scope of practice barriers so that advanced practice registered nurses are be able to...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Health care workforce data (R8) | Institution: University of Rochester
    A team of researchers at the University of Rochester, led by Ying Xue and Deborah Freund, conducted a study to better understand one hospital's use of supplemental registered nurses (SRNs) and examine its impact on...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of California
    Does the composition of hospital nurse staffing levels matter when it comes to preventing costly complications and death following those complications? A team at the University of California, led by Mary Blegen, Tom...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Columbus Children's Hospital
    This team identified hospitalized children's perceptions of the linkages between the quality of nursing care and outcomes. This study identified the nursing care processes and outcomes that matter most to children...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Maryland
    Researchers at the University of Maryland and Johns Hopkins University, led by Robin Newhouse and Laura Morlock, recently concluded a study which identified the linkages between processes of nursing care and the quality...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1) | Institution: MGH Institute of Health Professions
     The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends removing scope of practice barriers so that advanced practice registered nurses are be...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio
    A team led by Kathleen Stevens and Robert Ferrer at the University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio recently completed a project to improve nursing units' quality and efficiency, using a program designed to...
  • Grant Year: 2009 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Pittsburgh
    This project examined the value of a nurse-generated and nurse-led innovation by testing the impact of a computer-based nurse communication training and materials program (SPEACS-2) on intensive care unit patient care...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1) | Institution: University of Texas at Houston Health Science Center
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends removing scope of practice barriers so that advanced practice registered nurses are be able to...
  • Grant Year: 2013 | Recommendation Type: Scope of practice (R1) | Institution: University of Florida
    The Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, recommends removing scope of practice barriers so that advanced practice registered nurses are be able to...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Health care workforce data (R8) | Institution: Midwestern State University
    Research shows that patients admitted to hospitals during "off-peak" hours, like evenings and weekends, experience more health problems. Led by Patti Hamilton and Gretchen Gemeinhardt, researchers at Midwestern State...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Health care workforce data (R8) | Institution: University of North Carolina Greensboro
    A team at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, led by Susan Letvak and Christopher Ruhm, evaluated the influence of presenteeism (decreased productivity due to health problems) on hospital registered nurses' (...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Health care workforce data (R8) | Institution: Palo Alto Institute for Research and Education
    This project examined whether there is a causal relationship between nursing input (ie. staffing and human capital characteristics) and patient outcomes in long-term care (LTC) facilities, and will analyze efficiency by...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Massachusetts General Hospital
    The goal of this nurse-led interdisciplinary research team was to validate and test the impact of identifying and communicating a pre-hospital preventive patient risk profile on nurse-sensitive outcomes for hospitalized...
  • Grant Year: 2008 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Maryland - Baltimore
    Researchers at the University of Maryland, led by Barbara Resnick and Sheryl Zimmerman, conducted a randomized controlled trial to test Function Focused Care – Assisted Living (FFC-AL), an intervention designed to...
  • Grant Year: 2007 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: Brigham & Woman's Hospital
    A team led by Patti Dykes and Blackford Middleton has created a tool designed to prevent patient falls by translating an individual patient's fall risk assessment into a decision support intervention that communicates...
  • Grant Year: 2010 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Pennsylvania
    The transition from a psychiatric hospitalization back into the community is a vulnerable period for individuals with serious mental illness. Cycling in and out of psychiatric hospitals and emergency services is harmful...
  • Grant Year: 2006 | Recommendation Type: Interprofessional collaboration (R2) | Institution: University of Pennsylvania
    Led by Sean Clarke, an INQRI team at the University of Pennsylvania conducted a study to understand how a number of the National Quality Forum's nursing sensitive measures track with each other. Do nurse staffing and...